As you already know, the argumentative essay, charged in the exam, requires building a consistent argument. However, for many students, this is a tricky point in producing the text.
Thinking about it, the Editorial Project Blog selected three strategies that can help in the construction of the development of your text.
1) Evidence – The proof is given by the presentation of statistical data, research, studies, statistics, which consist of concrete evidence. These resources are presented to prove, prove what is being discussed and defended.
2) Cause and consequence relationship – This is a strategy that is widely used and consists of the presentation of facts that are cause, that is, what motivates, and of facts that are consequence, what is caused. The consequences can be positive or negative, everything will depend on the design of the text.
3) Contrast – The argumentation can be constructed from the opposition between two sides of the same fact, in this construction, usually, the positive side and the negative side are presented. With this feature, the student shows that he knows the subject well and recognizes what he generates.
There are, however, other strategies, but whatever is chosen, what is important is that the argument is well organized, that it presents a critical sense, that it is within the cut and that it is, in fact, defending the thesis raised.
As you already know, proof of the writing of the Enem requires the production of a text-essay-argumentative. In view of this, one must take care of the construction of the argument.
1) DO NOT FORGET THEME
In order not to run away from the theme or to touch it, always keep in mind the proposed thematic clipping. To do this, highlight the most important words and focus on them.
2) FOCUS ON THE SELECTED THESIS
When producing your text, you should raise and present a thesis, that is, a point of view within the requested topic. This should occur in the first paragraph. So, in producing your argument paragraphs, focus on the thesis and select arguments that will defend it. Be careful with the inconsistency! You can not raise a thesis and present arguments that go against it.
3) ORGANIZE YOUR ARGUMENTS
Before starting the writing process, make a text project. Write down the arguments that will be used and see if, in fact, they stand for your point of view. Only after this organization, develop your discussion. The text project is fundamental to ensure textual progression and defense from the point of view in an efficient way.
4) SHOW YOUR SOCIOCULTURAL REPERTOIRE
In constructing your argument, bring information that can enrich your text and ground your discussion, such as historical, cultural, economic, sociological knowledge, use of data and quotations.
5) PRESENT CRITICAL SENSE
In your argument for a point of view, show your critical sense. Argue, question, critique, convince your reader. Be very careful not to just be in the exposition of the facts.
In our last publication, we saw how to read and interpret the writing proposal efficiently and efficiently.
Today, we will address another very important point:
HOW TO ORGANIZE THE INITIAL IDEAS
First of all, we need to emphasize that as you read and interpret the theme, many ideas will pop up in your mind. So it is important to know how to use them.
Any ideas that pop up need to be noted. Organize them into topics, not necessarily in the order in which they appear in the text. The most important thing is to register them (separate a corner of your test to do this, okay?).
Then, as the reading of the intervention proposal unfolds, write down everything that comes up from ideas in your head. These ideas should be noted in topics, not long and complex periods.
After reading and recording your ideas, think about the thesis.
WHAT DO YOU WILL DEFEND?
From this, go back to the ideas you wrote down initially. Which ones help you defend your point of view? Select two.
THIS SELECTION MUST TAKE INTO ACCOUNT SOME POINTS:
Does the selected idea match a consistent argument?
Is this idea directly related to the thesis? Will you defend it and convince your reader?
Can you develop this idea satisfactorily?
This last point is fundamental. You should discuss about what you have mastery. If you have any questions regarding the selected argument, do not write about it. Scratch it and go to the next.
So proceed to perform the procedures to which we refer today and in the last post, because, this way, you will not run the risk of getting away from the topic or of tangentiating it and avoiding the famous ‘white’, because you will have recourse to some annotated ideas.
Read the proof.
Select the most important words.
Write down the ideas that come up.
Establish the thesis that will be defended.
Choose two ideas to develop and defend your point of view.
In our next post, we will discuss the importance of the draft for its textual production.
1) Introduction – corresponds to the first paragraph of the text and is responsible for familiarizing the reader with the subject that will be discussed.
To achieve this goal, this part of textual production requires presentation of the topic
That will be discussed and should introduce the thesis (point of view) that will be defended.
2) Development – corresponds to the presentation of the facts and arguments that will sustain / defend the point of view. In this part of the text, we must argue, criticize, question, reflect and justify the thesis raised in the first paragraph. It is important to select well the arguments and the order in which they will appear. In addition, care must be taken with the length and number of arguments, since the maximum of 30 lines is available.
3) Conclusion – corresponds to the last paragraph to be elaborated and that is responsible for the closing of the ideas, starting from the resumption of the theme and the thesis. In addition, it is usually the moment when the intervention proposal is presented (solutions to the problem).
As you can see, the thesis is the main point of this type of text.
It is presented in the introduction, is argued in the argument (usually two arguments) and is taken up in conclusion. That is why it is essential that it be clear already in the opening paragraph and, to do this efficiently, always keep in mind the writing theme.
It is also worth mentioning that these three parts of the structure must be interconnected, as well as the ideas in each of the paragraphs, so it is important to have an excellent repertoire of cohesive resources, since they will give fluidity to the text and leave everything very well ‘tied’, since the text is a significant unit.
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